History

Winnall's MapWinnall is a small parish of about 533 acres lying to the north-east of Winchester, at the foot of St Giles Hill, seeming to be locally part of Winchester. The village lies in the south, the few cottages being grouped along a road, which is a continuation of Water Street (Winchester). This road runs north through the downland, which composes the rest of the parish, directly to Easton.

The small picturesque church of St Martin stands at the upper end of the village street on the west almost immediately opposite the rectory, and a little to the east of the church lie Winnall Farm and the manor-house. The Didcot, Newbury, and Winchester branch of the Great Western Railways runs along the eastern side of the parish, with its nearest station at Winchester. The River Itchen, as it curves south below the Worthies, flows along the western borderline of the parish through low-lying meadows, which are constantly flooded.

Much has changed since then. The railway branch has been removed and little evidence of it remains expect at the end of the site of the Kingdom Hall of Jehovah’s Witnesses below Imber Road, where the now blocked up entrance seals the tunnel that emerges at the location of the old station at the north end of Chesil Street. The church of St Martin, Winnall was probably one of the nine churches included under Chilcomb in the Domesday Survey. In 1291 it was assessed at £8, and by 1335 the rectory was only valued at £3.68 and is certainly worth more now. The Itchen still now forms the western boundary of the estate through Winnall Moor, though incidences of flooding are much lower now.

Winnall Manor was probably one of the seven small manors included in Chilcomb. It was evidently confirmed to prior and convent of St Swithun in 1205 together with Chilcomb and most of the land around Winchester, and it remained in their possession until the time of the Dissolution of the monasteries. At this time Henry VII granted the manor, together with the rectory, to the dean and chapter of Winchester. It has now become absorbed in the borough of Winchester.


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